Executive Recommendations 2016-10-19T08:54:19+00:00

The West vs. Russia

The West should help Russian NGOs that can no longer operate freely in Russia and who are now moving to Warsaw, Vilnius and Prague. They deserve our support.

Western states should pay attention to the way in what they establish rights for Russian speaking minorities in Europe. A comfortably integrated Russian minority in the three Baltic States is the single biggest sign of European soft power. We need to find the right balance, and find balance between making sure that these minorities do not serve the purpose of another country, and making sure they feel safe and respected in the countries where they now live.

NATO and the EU are expected to predict what will happen to Russia if its middle class and democratic elites flow out to Europe and resettle there. In the future, it can pose a problem to Russia’s society striped from democratic values and views.

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The West have been sending very simple message to Russian elites in 90s and in XXI century that we will close our eyes, on something that you need us to close our eyes, and in return you do for us that and that favor.

Ilya V. Ponomarev Member of the State Duma, Russia | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

In the case of Russian propaganda, the EU and NATO have to address properly the spreading of false information among their communities and public opinion. The best strategy is to fight a war on the enemies’ territory. So, we should help in independent debate inside Russia and in Russian language media space. The Russian speaking independent media must be empowered to represent strife for democratic values and unify structures in the whole region, including Baltic States, Ukraine and Belarus.

The WSF from the very beginning decided not to be the biggest or the most prominent conference on security but to be the most decisive one for government officials, where the EU and NATO countries  an opine and evaluate earlier undertaken commitments and provide recommendations to  forthcoming challenges and threats. WSF2015 as the second edition brought more participants, more discussion panels, and more institutional as well as academic and media partners. It has also deepened the conversation between security policy decision makers and experts in Europe.

Germany has cancelled formally the strategic relationship with Russia and I think this is the most significant lost that Putin has incurred.

Constanze Stelzenmüller, Robert Bosch Senior Fellow CUSE/Foreign Policy, USA Warsaw Security Forum 2015.

Western experts should continue working on reports suggesting improvements to our own debate that would be attractive and convincing to Russian viewers. Balance must be achieved when presenting different views and opinions with regard to relations between Western values and Russian ideologies.

All Eyes on the Eastern Flank: The Warsaw NATO Summit in 2016

During the upcoming Warsaw NATO Summit, the Alliance should reinvigorate the relevance of article 5. Member states agreed that it is a core article. However, NATO must establish more accurate and relevant decisions making procedures. NATO ought to think how to use, in an effective way, the forces which are deployed in the Alliance’s territories, especially troops stationed in the Eastern Flank.

The beauty of NATO is that this Alliance is permanent, it brings us together and it’s all the time adapting to the new reality. The issues with Ukraine it is not membership, we should not talking about Ukrainian membership today, because it shut down more serious conversation about what we should be doing as the West and as NATO.

Damon Wilson, Executive Vice President Atlantic Council, USA | Warsaw Security Forum 2015.

Member states should deepen their understanding of hybrid threats. Updated manuals for field operations must include new kinds of warfare: hybrid, non-conventional and propaganda tools and find ways to counter them.

NATO must act appropriately, not aggressively. The Alliance must be consistent and respect its own decisions.

All flanks should be accounted and we cannot have only one direction which we concern. I believe that Alliance is able to take this tasks and challenges. I believe that Warsaw Summit will be successful.

Linas Linkevičius, Minister of Foreign Affairs Republic of Lithuania | Warsaw Security Forum 2015.

NATO should respect partners who deserve to be more respected, not only Montenegro but also Georgia and Ukraine. The Alliance ought to let them take more responsibility for European peace and security.

In the face of recent conventional threats coming from the new posture of Russia, we can also observe asymmetrical challenges coming from the Southern neighbourhoods of the Alliance. As a result, West should prepare to respond to both – traditional and
asymmetrical threats.

In the case of the Eastern Flank, it is most important to replace the temporary presence of troops to a permanent one. The Organisation should not forget about the necessity of maintaining a high level of interoperability of NATO troops. The Organisation ought to reawaken an idea of the cooperative security model. NATO should maintain its strategy, especially the cooperative instruments and methods designed for development of its relations with the Russian Federation.

The rise of the West in a post-Western world

The liberal order is reorganising itself but is still a very attractive model and we cannot allow our ourselves to be complaisant. Institutions of global governance, where liberal democracies are still the leading force, need to reform so they do not become obsolete.

Although anti-European movements within the continent cannot be prohibited, we have to speak openly without false political correctness about the fact that they are intermediaries of outside destructive forces aiming to destabilize the region and fight for democracy.

I think we, in some way, are approaching very decisive moment of change in western history

Mikheil Saakashvili, President of Georgia (2004 – 2007, 2008 – 2013) | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

Ukraine needs strong encouragement but with economic support conditioned on reform, keeping sanctions in place and acknowledgment that the country can become a European democracy, the people will do the work.

Because of lack of political leadership and focusing on avoiding risk the West got used to the absence of accountability resulting in legitimacy gaps. Those weaknesses can be easily exploited by illiberal forces and it is up to us make the liberal order, live up to its expectations.

NATO should respect partners who deserve to be more respected, not only Montenegro but also Georgia and Ukraine. The Alliance ought to let them take more responsibility for European peace and security.

In the face of recent conventional threats coming from the new posture of Russia, we can also observe asymmetrical challenges coming from the Southern neighbourhoods of the Alliance. As a result, West should prepare to respond to both – traditional and
asymmetrical threats.

In the case of the Eastern Flank, it is most important to replace the temporary presence of troops to a permanent one. The Organisation should not forget about the necessity of maintaining a high level of interoperability of NATO troops. The Organisation ought to reawaken an idea of the cooperative security model. NATO should maintain its strategy, especially the cooperative instruments and methods designed for development of its relations with the Russian Federation.

How to Reform Ukraine

Ukraine should decrease taxes and simplify their administrative procedures to attract new investors. The country should invest in renewable energy sources and gas, to be more independent from Russian supplies.

The law on the reform the Civil Service – this is a key for other reforms because without that one another reforms will not work.

Ihor Shevchenko, Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources (2014 – 2015), Ukraine | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

Ukraine needs strong anti-corruption institution to overcome its most difficult problem. Civil service needs to be reformed. Most of civil servants are ineffective and they should be retrained or replaced by well-educated and honest people.

European countries should organise training courses for Ukrainian civil servants and send experts to, who would help the Ukrainian government to conduct most important reforms.

The Russian Gamble in Ukraine and Syria

NATO and UE countries should more decidedly respond to Russian aggressive posture to prevent any possible advances of Russia into sovereign territories by any means (hybrid or conventional).

The current person in power in Russia wants that other countries should perceived Russia, indeed, as a strong, resurgent and to be able to make deals country.

Robert Pszczel Acting Director NATO Information Office in Moscow | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Western countries should intensify help for Ukraine, because peace in Ukraine is crucial to keeping peace in Europe.

NATO must act appropriately, not aggressively. The Alliance must be consistent and respect its own decisions.

From the Russian aggression on Georgia in 2008 and Ukraine in 2014 Russian learned that there was not any serious response form the West, they can go ahead and only Putin knows what will be the next move.

Borys Tarasyuk Minister of Foreign Affairs (1998–2000, 2005–2007), Ukraine | Warsaw Security Forum 2015.

European countries should avoid mistakes they made after the war in Georgia, where politics of appeasement encouraged Russian leadership to further advances. Invasion in Georgia and reaction of the West only proved to Russian leadership that the West is no longer a tough partner and Western interest in empowering democracy in post-Soviet area is waning.

In the case of the Eastern Flank, it is most important to replace the temporary presence of troops to a permanent one. The Organisation should not forget about the necessity of maintaining a high level of interoperability of NATO troops. The Organisation ought to reawaken an idea of the cooperative security model. NATO should maintain its strategy, especially the cooperative instruments and methods designed for development of its relations with the Russian Federation.

New Security Wave

The complexity of threats requires developing new policies and widening regional and European cooperation.

The domestic and foreign policies became a lot more connected. External threats have to be addressed as now they can have direct effects on our countries with examples like foreign fighters or excessive migration.

The integration of Western Balkans into the North Atlantic structures will help in strengthening stabilisation in the region and in the Europe.

Zoran Jolevski Minister of Defence Republic of Macedonia | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

The cost of breaching the international laws and political order has to be increased and in this regard sanctions are not enough.

The migrant crisis results from the instabilities in the Middle East that have to be addressed. Countries affected by the waves of migrants have to jointly come up with a shared system of migrant identification and registration, including biometrics.

We have three threats in the region. The biggest one is that pure force have changed the shape of boarders in the region. Second, it is frozen conflicts in the region. Thirdly, tendency to the appeasement policy.

Krzysztof Szczerski Secretary of State, Chancellery of the President, Poland | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Integration of the Western Balkans into Euro-Atlantic structures would strengthen the region and in result it will enhance capabilities of the European structures to tackle various problems i.e. migration and criminal activities that sometimes originate in this area. Stronger integration will allow to address numerous issues connected with possible flow of terrorist organisations into Europe.

The migration crisis has to be addressed through short time measures, strengthening external EU borders and cooperation with Turkey as well as long term, the integration of migrants including recruitment prevention and labour force enlargement.

The new security threats wave also should include potential pandemic issues like Ebola, because with that risk all countries have to manage with it.

Igor Luksič, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, Montenegro | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

The Russian activity in Syria and migration issues turned the attention from the Ukrainian conflict, which is still active and can have implications for Europe. It was the first border change by force in the region for years and must be addressed as a violation of international law and treaties, unacceptable in XXI century.

The west should not initiate an appeasement policy trend. If we allow for the breach of international law we compromise it. The overall geopolitical stabilization cannot be achieved at the expense of weaker parts of the system.

Rise of Illiberalism and Russian Involvement in EU Politics

There is a need to acknowledge that the existence of illiberal forces within Europe and their connection to Russia stems not only from money but also from the values different from those attributed to modern Europe.

The existence of offshore systems and mechanisms of corruption within political parties and think tanks creates a need for media and civil society organizations to work towards exposing existing money trails.

The main aim of Kremiln’s domestic propaganda is to discredit European values, European way of life and European development model.

Olga Irisova Senior Editor and Member of Editorial Board Intersection Project, Poland | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Eastern Partnership 2.0

The Eastern Partnership should encourage aspiring countries to undertake more responsibilities and burdens. In the near future, West should rethink what kind of engagement is needed in this region.

The EU needs to create a comprehensive and consistent policy towards Russia, Middle East and other security and policy challenging regions. The EU should restore the middle-term strategy towards the Eastern policy.

The European Union ought to establish partnership with the Central and Eastern European states, through which the organisation forms strategic relationships.

European Union needs a consistent and comprehensive policy towards something – towards the Middle East, towards Russia and towards other very important issues.

Pavlo Klimkin Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Central and Eastern European countries should try to force, on the European forum, the beginning of the discussion on two topics: the summary of activities and effectiveness of the Eastern Partnership as well as the creation of a new supplement to the Eastern Partnership

In the case of Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova a new crisis mechanism should be proposed that could be used when in those countries appear to have serious political problems.

We thought that the Eastern Partnership might be an intelligent idea of starting a path towards the EU with some of Eastern countries then entering and joining to the EU.

Marieluise Beck Green Party, Bundestag, Germany | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

In the case of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus a long-term perspective should be established that would concentrate on the cooperation in the social area, especially in education and culture.

The European Union ought to prepare an instrument which would strengthen collaboration in the social issues. It should be done by establishing an Eastern Partnership University.

The Eastern Partnership 2.0 project should engage all partners from the East who want to participate in this cooperation.

The Polish elite ought to be more engaged in the Eastern Partnership 2.0 project. The President of Republic of Poland should build a partnership with states between three seas: the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.

The question is to what extent – the EU is sticking together, NATO is sticking together, to be strong enough for the enlargement?

Cyril Svoboda Minister of Foreign Affairs (2002 – 2006) Czech Republic | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

The EU passiveness in the Eastern neighbourhood can enable neo-imperialistic Russian policy.

The EU should focus on its soft power which is the main instrument of European influence on the Eastern countries.

The EU should not lose the values which underline the whole Eastern Partnership project.

We should remain that within this cooperation we shouldn’t lose the values which are underlying the whole project.

Artur Nowak-Far Undersecretary of State Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

How can the Energy Union Strengthen Central and Eastern Europe’s Energy Security.

Energy Union countries should endeavour to create a pan-European gas market and look after the compliance with the so-called Third Climate Package.

We talk a lot, but do very little. In our neighbourhood, we are trying to get as much money as possible from the West what makes some of the countries pissed-off.

Václav Bartuška Ambassador at Large for Energy Security Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Czech Republic | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Decisions on energy policy should take into account interests of all EU countries in a spirit of solidarity. The countries of Central and Eastern Europe should expand their interconnection network.

Is the Energy Union the appropiate tool to strenghten and help Central and Eastern Europe energy security?

Julia Michalak Climate and Energy Project Leader demosEUROPA | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

European countries should aim to be able to receive natural gas supplies from more competing directions.

What Solutions Do We Have to Tackle the Causes, Consequences and Fundamentalism Challenges of Immigration in Europe?

The mass migration of 2015 demands deeper analyses. Neither economic considerations nor compassion, nor even the Geneva Convention offer us sufficient analyses of the phenomenon that has just recently happened. From the economic point of view, it would be good at the very beginning to consider both consequences and causes of migration generally.

Countries of our region and their societies are not preapred to welcome such large influx of migrants and the EU does not have appropiate integration policy to solve the issue.

Krystyna Iglicka-Okólska Expert Centre for International Relations, Poland | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

The problem is not that people are coming in general. The dynamics is a problem because we don’t know how many will come. The problem is that they come in an irregular way and we don’t know who comes.

The general problem is not the migration as it is because it permanently exists all the time. The problem is that we do not know who is actually coming to Europe.

Irena Krasnicka Special Envoy for Migration Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Czech Republic | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

Decisions on energy policy should take into account interests of all EU countries in a spirit of solidarity.

We have to distinguish between two kinds of migration that are happening simultaneously. These are the migrations that happen because of social, economic and demographic differences. This is something that is happening all the time. The big wave of immigrants coming to Europe now are not people who planned to leave because of economic conditions, they were forced to leave.

YGL Session: Regional Instabilities in the European Neighbourhood

Europe should draw a conclusion from its history and defend European values (like democracy and freedom) in eastern countries like Ukraine or Georgia. Showing these communities our values and benefits drawn from them should become an attractive factor.

What matter the most is how united we are in our values and how do economics can affect politics. The downturn in Russia turn people in Putin’s government against him.

Vera Kobalia Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, (2012- 2012), Georgia | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

Involvement of young leaders in European politics should be increased. The new leaders are setting an example for European youth and are able to bring about a necessary change.

Are we learning enough from our own history’s lessons? I would say no. If we did, we would understand that there are existential threats to Europe and to the West as such.

Katarzyna Pisarska Director European Academy of Diplomacy, Poland | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

Political systems in Europe need to be refreshed and improved. Democracy should be modernized and adjusted to the present situation. Young political leaders understand the nature of the current obstacles and better understand future challenges.

Improving Dialogue on Defence and Security in Europe – the Regional Perspective

Europe should take seriously both the threat from the east (aggressive politics of Russia) and from the south (migration flow of refugees).

After the illegal annexation of Crimea we’ve seen a game changer. We see that Russia’s old assertiveness is changing in to aggression.

Daniel Ioniţa Secretary of State for Strategic Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romania | Warsaw Security Forum 2015

 

To improve security, European countries should reinforce cooperation, especially military.

Poland is an important player in Europe and it should continue its cooperation with European partners in the field of international security.

From my point of view, in a long run, Russia is a partner, however a the moment it behaves like a competitor.

Gerhard Jandl Security Policy Director Austrian Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs | Warsaw Security Forum 2015